EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Brain research

COMT-dependent protection of dopaminergic neurons by methionine, dimethionine and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) against L-dopa toxicity in vitro.


PMID 11223018

Abstract

L-dopa may be toxic to dopamine neurons, possibly due to catechol-autoxidation. Catechols are O-methylated by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) in a SAM consuming reaction, preventing the initiation of catechol autoxidation. We hypothesized that SAM or SAM-precursors ameliorate L-dopa neurotoxicity, in a COMT-dependent fashion. We tested this hypothesis in primary mesencephalic cultures by adding 200 microM L-dopa with 2 mM methionine or 1 mM dimethionine or 0.5 mM SAM with or without 0.2 microM of the COMT-inhibitor 2', 5'-dinitrocatechol (OR 486). L-dopa was found to be neurotoxic as the surviving neurons had fewer and shorter processes. Methionine, dimethionine and SAM all protected DA neurons against damaged induced by L-dopa. The COMT inhibitor dinitrocatechol (DNC) completely abolished the protective effect against L-dopa toxicity. We conclude that supplementation with methionine, dimethionine or SAM ameliorates L-dopa neurotoxicity to dopamine neurons, while inhibition of COMT may aggravate or unmask L-dopa neurotoxicity.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

D131
3,5-Dinitrocatechol, solid
C6H4N2O6