Water research

Photocatalytic degradation of trichloroethylene in water using TiO2 pellets.

PMID 11235867


A recirculating system of aqueous trichloroethylene (TCE) solutions through the packed bed reactor with TiO2 pellets has been developed in order to mineralize TCE without difficulties for filtration and recovery of catalyst. The TiO2 pellets prepared by sol gel method have photocatalytic activity similar to commercially available PC-101 and PC-102 in the powder form and to ST-B11 pellets. In batch experiments with TiO2 powders, Degussa P-25 is the most active photocatalyst, which indicates that specific surface area is not an important factor controlling the photocatalytic activity in aqueous solutions. The degradation rates of TCE in the recirculating system with TiO2 pellets decreased in the presence of H2O2, while were remarkably accelerated by adding S2O8(2-). The presence of S2O8(2-) ions more than 0.01 mol dm(-3) completely suppressed hole-electron recombination and mineralized 50 ppm TCE with the 2 h irradiation. In a reactor without TiO2 photocatalysts, TCE was photodegraded by SO4- radicals which produced by photodissociation of S2O8(2-). The degradation rates increased with increase of the initial S2O8(2-) concentration. However, TCE was not mineralized but converted to intermediates which were slowly degraded to Cl- by continuing the irradiation.

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