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Journal of cataract and refractive surgery

Cystoid macular edema after pediatric intraocular lens implantation: fluorescein angioscopy results and literature review.


PMID 11255057

Abstract

To evaluate the occurrence of cystoid macular edema (CME) after lens extraction, anterior vitrectomy, and intraocular lens implantation (IOL) in children using angioscopy after administration of oral fluorescein. Centers in Tamil Nadu, India, and Hong Kong, China. This study comprised 18 children (28 eyes) who had cataract extraction, posterior capsulorhexis, anterior vitrectomy, and in-the-bag IOL implantation. The presence of CME was evaluated 1 week and 4 to 6 weeks after surgery using fluorescein angioscopy. Anterior chamber fibrin occurred in 4 eyes (14.3%). Fluorescein angioscopy was performed 1 week after surgery in all eyes and after 1 month in 25 eyes (89.3%). No eye demonstrated the presence of CME on fluorescein angioscopy. Cystoid macular edema did not occur in the early period after pediatric cataract surgery using current surgical techniques. Longer follow-up is required to ascertain the incidence of CME in the late postoperative period.