Cellular signalling

Overexpression of EXTL3/EXTR1 enhances NF-kappaB activity induced by TNF-alpha.

PMID 11257457


EXTL3/EXTR1 is a member of the EXT gene family, which may represent a class of glycosyltransferases involved in heparan sulfate biosynthesis. It is known that heparan sulfate interacts with a variety of proteins and is therefore implicated in various cellular responses. Here, we examined the effect of EXTL3 on nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity stimulated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), one of heparin-binding cytokine. The luciferase assay demonstrated that overexpression of EXTL3 enhanced TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activity. This is confirmed with an electrophoretic mobility shift assay. However, EXTL3 did not affect the CD40-mediated NF-kappaB activation. The EXTL3 mutants lacking the amino terminus region failed to enhance the activity. The fluorescence of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-fused EXTL3 was observed at the perinuclear region, whereas, the amino terminus-truncated mutant was found in a diffuse cytoplasmic region. These results suggest that EXTL3 may modulate NF-kappaB mediated by TNF-alpha.