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Carbohydrate research

Synthesis of pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine C-nucleosides. Isosteres of sangivamycin, tubercidin, and toyocamycin.


PMID 11284507

Abstract

Syntheses of pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine C-nucleosides are reported. Treatment of pyranulose glycoside with aminoguanidine in acetic acid gave the corresponding semicarbazone in 96% yield. The ring transformation of the semicarbazone in dioxane afforded a 51% yield of 2-amino-7-(2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)pyrrolo[2,1-f]-[1,2,4]triazine. Vilsmeier formylation of the pyrrolotriazine gave the major product, 5-formylpyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine, in 69% yield. The aldehyde was treated with hydroxylamine hydrochloride in methanol to give aldoximes. Dehydration of aldoxime with trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride and triethylamine in dichloromethane afforded 5-cyanopyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine in 44% yield. Conversion of the nitrile to the deprotected amide, 2-amino-7-(beta-D-ribofuranosyl)pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine-5-carboxamide, was accomplished in 96% yield on treatment with 30% H2O2 in ethanol for 1 day at room temperature. Debenzoylation with sodium hydroxide solution produced deprotected C-nucleosides.

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T3580
Toyocamycin, ≥98% (HPLC), from Streptomyces rimosus
C12H13N5O4