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Circulation

Selective augmentation of prostacyclin production by combined prostacyclin synthase and cyclooxygenase-1 gene transfer.


PMID 11319200

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that combined cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) gene transfer selectively augments prostacyclin production without a concurrent overproduction of other prostanoids. ECV304 cells were transfected with bicistronic pCOX-1/PGIS versus pCOX-1 or pPGIS, and prostanoids were analyzed. Contrary to the high prostaglandin E2 synthesis in pCOX-1 transfected cells, selective prostacyclin formation was noted with bicistronic plasmid transfection. Next, we determined the optimal ratio of Ad-COX-1 to Ad-PGIS by transfecting human umbilical vein endothelial cells with various titers of these 2 adenoviral constructs and determined the level of protein expression and prostanoid synthesis. Our results show that optimal ratios of adenoviral titers to achieve a large prostacyclin augmentation without overproduction of prostaglandin E2 or F2alpha were 50 to 100 plaque forming units (pfu) of Ad-COX-1 to 50 pfu of Ad-PGIS per cell. A higher Ad-PGIS to Ad-COX-1 ratio caused a paradoxical decline in prostacyclin synthesis. Prostacyclin synthesis can be selectively augmented by cotransfecting endothelial cells with an optimal ratio of COX-1 to PGIS. Combined COX-1 and PGIS gene transfer has the potential for therapeutic augmentation of prostacyclin.

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