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Journal of chromatography. A

Effect of counter-anion concentration on retention in high-performance liquid chromatography of protonated basic analytes.


PMID 11355812

Abstract

The influence of acid and salt concentration in the mobile phase on the retention of basic analytes has been studied. An increase in the retention of fully protonated analytes with increasing the concentration of inorganic additives was found. The addition of salt, such as perchlorate, trifluoroacetate, and phosphate, leads to the increase of retention for fully protonated analytes while mobile phase pH remains constant. The observed effect was attributed to the interaction of protonated analytes with the counter-anion of acid or salt, which leads to the disruption of the analyte solvation shell and the increase of its hydrophobicity and corresponding increase of retention. A mathematical model for the description of the influence of counter-anion concentration on analyte retention is proposed.

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