Estrus and pregnancy after synchrony with lutalyse in conjunction with Syncro-Mate-B.

PMID 11414484


Estrous response and pregnancy rates are decreased for cows given Syncro-Mate-B (SMB) during metestrus (Day 1 to 5 of an estrous cycle). Data indicate these decreases are due, in part, to retention of a functional corpus luteum (CL). Our objective was to determine whether PGF2alpha administered in conjunction with SMB would improve estrous response and pregnancy rates in metestrous cows with no detrimental effects to cows in other stages of the estrous cycle. Three hundred seventy-three suckled beef cows were observed for estrus for 21 d before SMB administration to determine stage of an estrous cycle. Blood samples were collected 14 and 7 d before treatment and at SMB administration. Serum was assayed for concentration of progesterone to verify stage of estrous cycle or noncyclicity. All cows received the standard SMB regime and were allotted by age and stage of cycle to one of two groups. Cows denoted SMB + L received 25 mg of PGF2alpha 8 d after implantation, whereas cows denoted SMB served as controls. On Day 10, SMB implants were removed and females were observed for subsequent estrus. At this time, calves were removed from their dams for 48 h. Artificial insemination was performed 12 hr after observation of a standing estrus. Timed insemination was performed at 48 hr after implant removal for cows not inseminated at 24 or 36 hr after implant removal. Interval to synchronized estrus (within 5 d of implant removal) was lengthened for metestrous cows compared to cows in other stages of the cycle irrespective of treatment (P < 0.001). Cows receiving PGF2alpha had a greater pregnancy rate at 5 d compared to controls (P = .0672). Interval to estrus, estrous response, and pregnancy rate to A1 at d 28 or end of breeding season were not affected by administration of PGF2alpha in conjunction with SMB when compared to the standard SMB protocol.