Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology

HCO3- potentiates the cAMP-dependent secretory response of the human distal colon through a DIDS-sensitive pathway.

PMID 11417223


We used the Ussing short-circuit technique to investigate the role of HCO3- in the adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent secretory response of the human distal colon. In HCO3(-)-free 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulphonic acid (HEPES)-Ringer's, forskolin (10 mumol l-1 mucosal and serosal) evoked a sustained increase in short-circuit current (Isc) (delta Isc = 24 +/- 3 microA cm-2, n = 57). However, this was only 25% of the forskolin-stimulated Isc response in HCO3(-)-Ringer's (delta Isc = 84 +/- 8 microA cm-2, n = 57). The reduced response to forskolin in HCO3(-)-free HEPES-Ringer's was not due to inhibition of the secretory mechanism by HEPES, as replacing HCO3- with a different buffer, N-tris[hydroxymethyl)methyl-2-aminoethanesulphonic acid (TES), had a similar effect and inclusion of HEPES in the HCO3(-)-Ringer's did not reduce the secretory response. Similarly, it was not due to an indirect modulation of electrogenic Cl- secretion, as the forskolin-stimulated bumetanide-sensitive Isc was comparable in the two Ringer's. Rather it was due to the activation of a HCO3(-)-dependent Isc which was inhibited by serosal 4,4'-diisothiocyano-stilbene-2,2'-disulphonate (DIDS). This DIDS-sensitive Isc was not inhibited by acetazolamide, but it was inhibited by the replacement of bathing solution Cl- with gluconate, suggesting a role for a Na(+)-dependent Cl-/HCO3- exchanger in the cAMP-dependent secretory response of the human distal colon.