Biochimica et biophysica acta

Fluorescent probes for non-invasive bioenergetic studies of whole cyanobacterial cells.

PMID 11418095


Fluorescent DeltapH and DeltaPsi indicators have been screened for the non-invasive monitoring of bioenergetic processes in whole cells of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Acridine yellow and Acridine orange proved to be the best DeltapH indicators for the investigation of thylakoid and cytoplasmic membrane energization: While Acridine yellow indicated only cytosolic energization, Acridine orange showed signals from both the thylakoid lumen and the cytosol that could be separated kinetically. Both indicators were applied successfully to monitor cellular energetics, such as the interplay of linear and cyclic photosynthetic electron transport, osmotic adaptation and solute transport across the cytoplasmic membrane. In contrast, useful membrane potential indicators were more difficult to find, with Di-4-ANEPPS and Brilliant cresyl blue being the only promising candidates for further studies. Finally, Acridine yellow and Acridine orange could also be applied successfully for the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus. Different from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, where both respiration and ATP hydrolysis could be utilized for cytoplasmic membrane energization, proton extrusion at the cytoplasmic membrane in Synechococcus elongatus was preferentially driven by ATP hydrolysis.

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Acridine Yellow G, Dye content 90 %
C15H15N3 · HCl