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Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications

Determination of polyamines in human saliva by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.


PMID 11419735

Abstract

A high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of polyamines (spermine, spermidine and putrescine) in human saliva was developed. This method is based on pre-column derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA). The derivatives were separated on a Nucleosil ODS column (250x4.6 mm I.D.; 5 microm). The gradient elution was performed with two mobile phases A (water) and B (methanol) at a flow rate of 0.8 ml/min. The column eluate was monitored by fluorescence detection (excitation, 360 nm; emission, 510 nm). The within- and between-assay coefficients of variation for all the compounds were below 5%. The detection limits for spermine, spermidine and putrescine were 0.04, 0.05 and 0.06 nmol/ml, respectively. The recovery was greater than 90%. Our analytical technique requires neither preliminary extraction with an organic solvent, nor long multi-step procedures. For saliva samples, this is a simple, rapid and highly reproducible method that can be easily applied to the routine determination of salivary polyamines, whose levels increase early in several pathological conditions.

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