Transforming growth factor-beta administration modifies cyclosporine A-induced bone loss.

PMID 11425645


Cyclosporine A (CsA), a potent immunosuppressant used in transplantation, induces increased formation with excess resorption in the rat with resultant osteopenia. These findings are confirmed in the human model. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is reported to be involved in the coupling of bone formation with resorption and in vivo and in vitro stimulates osteoblasts, and in vitro inhibits osteoclasts. CsA stimulates secretion of TGF-beta1 in humans, which, while improving immunosuppression, may also contribute to renal toxicity. This study was performed determine whether exogenously administered TGF-beta would modify the bone effects of CsA. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, 6 months of age, were randomized to receive: TGF-beta and CsA vehicle (group A); TGF-beta 5 microg/kg three times per week and CsA vehicle (group B); TGF-beta vehicle and CsA 10 mg/kg (group C); or TGF-beta 5 microg/kg three times per week and CsA 10 mg/kg (group D). These were compared with control over 28 days. CsA, but not TGF-beta, increased serum 1,25(OH)(2)D levels throughout the study. CsA increased osteocalcin (BGP), but TGF-beta negated this effect. Histomorphometry confirmed the known effects of CsA, whereas TGF-beta alone had no effect. However, in combination, TGF-beta blocked CsA's effect and increased osteoblast recruitment and activity, as reflected by increased percent mineralizing surface, percent osteoid perimeter, bone formation rate (bone volume referent), and activation frequency. Thus, it appears as if TGF-beta administration may have potential in modulating the deleterious bone effects of CsA.

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1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D2, ≥97.0% (sum of vitamin and previtamin, HPLC)