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Brain research

Role of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger in dilator responses of rat basilar artery in vivo.


PMID 11430866

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that activation of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger is involved in dilator responses of the basilar artery to endothelium-dependent vasodilators in vivo. Using a cranial window in anesthetized rats, we examined responses of the basilar artery to acetylcholine and bradykinin. Topical application of acetylcholine and bradykinin increased diameter of the basilar artery in a concentration-related manner. Because N(G)-nitro-L-arginine, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, almost abolished vasodilator responses to acetylcholine and bradykinin, vasodilatation produced by the agonists appears to be mediated primarily by nitric oxide. 5-N,N-Hexamethyleneamiloride, an inhibitor of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger, did not affect baseline diameter of the basilar artery, but inhibited vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin, without affecting vasodilatation produced by sodium nitroprusside. FR183998, another inhibitor of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger, also attenuated acetylcholine-induced dilatation of the basilar artery without affecting vasodilatation in response to sodium nitroprusside. Monomethylamine hydrochloride, which produces intracellular alkalinization, enhanced acetylcholine-induced dilatation of the basilar artery in the presence of 5-N,N-hexamethyleneamiloride. These results suggest that intracellular alkalinization produced by activation of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger may enhance nitric oxide production in the basilar arterial endothelium and thereby contribute to dilator responses of the artery in vivo.

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A9561
5-(N,N-Hexamethylene)amiloride
C12H18ClN7O