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Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy

Ion solvation and association in LiClO4/sulfolane solution: a vibrational spectroscopic and molecular orbital study.


PMID 11471707

Abstract

Solvation interaction and ion association in solutions of lithium perchlorate/sulfolane have been studied by using infrared and Raman spectra as a function of concentration of lithium perchlorate. The band changes of antisymmetric OSO stretch, antisymmetric CSC stretch, -SO2 wag and twist suggest that there is an interaction between Li+ and sulfolane molecules, and the site of solvation is the oxygen atom of -SO2 group. The molecular orbital calculation supports this suggestion. On the other hand, the apparent solvation number was calculated, and the band fitting for the ClO4- band reveals the presence of contact ion pair, solvent separated ion pair and free ClO4- anion in the concentrated solutions.

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