Analytical chemistry

Chemically L-phenylalaninamide-modified monolithic silica column prepared by a sol-gel process for enantioseparation of dansyl amino acids by ligand exchange-capillary electrochromatography.

PMID 11476235


A new type of chiral monolithic column was successfully developed for the enantioseparation of dansyl amino acids by ligand exchange-capillary electrochromatography (LE-CEC) in this work. The monolithic column matrix was prepared by a sol-gel process and then chemically modified with the spacer (3-glycidoxypropyl)trimethoxysilane and the chiral selector L-phenylalaninamide. After being conditioned with Cu(II) aqueous solution, the ligand exchange-chiral stationary phase (LE-CSP) possesses positive charges. When the external electric field was applied in CEC, electroosmotic flow (EOF) was generated on the surface of LE-CSP in the direction from the cathode to the anode. The EOF was found to be dependent on the applied electric field strength and the composition of the mobile phase. With the increase of pH of the mobile phase, the EOF showed a tendency to decrease. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the chiral monolithic column has a continuous skeleton and large through-pore structure. The separation efficiency (theoretic plate numbers) for the separation of Dns-DL-Leu reached up to 9.0 x 10(4) plates m(-1) for the D-enantiomer and 6.6 x 10(4) plates m(-1) for the L-enantiomer, by using pH 5.5, acetonitrile/0.50 mM Cu(Ac)2-50 mM NH4Ac (7:3) as mobile phase. The reproducibility and lifetime were satisfactory. CEC was carried out with conventional capillary electrophoresis equipment without pressurizing the ends of the capillary. No bubble was formed during the operation, after degassing the mobile phase and conditioning the column.

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