The Biochemical journal

Targeting of GLUT6 (formerly GLUT9) and GLUT8 in rat adipose cells.

PMID 11513753


The subcellular targeting of the two recently cloned novel mammalian glucose transporters, GLUT6 [previously referred to as GLUT9 [Doege, Bocianski, Joost and Schürmann (2000) Biochem. J. 350, 771-776] and GLUT8, was analysed by expression of haemagglutinin (HA)-epitope-tagged GLUTs in transiently transfected primary rat adipose cells. Similar to HA-GLUT4, both transporters, HA-GLUT6 and HA-GLUT8, were retained in intracellular compartments in non-stimulated cells. In contrast, mutation of the N-terminal dileucine motifs in both constructs led to constitutive expression of the proteins on the plasma membrane. Likewise, when endocytosis was blocked by co-expression of a dominant-negative mutant of the dynamin GTPase, wild-type HA-GLUT6 and HA-GLUT8 accumulated on the cell surface. However, in contrast with HA-GLUT4, no translocation of HA-GLUT6 and HA-GLUT8 to the plasma membrane was observed when the cells were stimulated with insulin, phorbol ester or hyperosmolarity. Thus GLUT6 and GLUT8 appear to recycle in a dynamin-dependent manner between internal membranes and the plasma membrane in rat adipose cells, but are unresponsive to stimuli that induce translocation of GLUT4.