Journal of bacteriology

Catabolite repression of the citrate fermentation genes in Klebsiella pneumoniae: evidence for involvement of the cyclic AMP receptor protein.

PMID 11514506


Klebsiella pneumoniae is able to grow anaerobically with citrate as a sole carbon and energy source by a fermentative pathway involving the Na(+)-dependent citrate carrier CitS, citrate lyase, and oxaloacetate decarboxylase. The corresponding genes are organized in the divergent citC and citS operons, whose expression is strictly dependent on the citrate-sensing CitA-CitB two-component system. Evidence is provided here that the citrate fermentation genes are subject to catabolite repression, since anaerobic cultivation with a mixture of citrate and glucose or citrate and gluconate resulted in diauxic growth. Glucose, gluconate, and also glycerol decreased the expression of a chromosomal citS-lacZ fusion by 60 to 75%, whereas a direct inhibition of the citrate fermentation enzymes was not observed. The purified cyclic AMP (cAMP) receptor protein (CRP) of K. pneumoniae bound to two sites in the citC-citS intergenic region, which were centered at position -41.5 upstream of the citC and citS transcriptional start sites. Binding was apparently stimulated by the response regulator CitB. These data indicate that catabolite repression of the citrate fermentation genes is exerted by CRP and that in the absence of repressing carbon sources the cAMP-CRP complex serves to enhance the basal, CitB-dependent transcription level.

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A0144 Adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate–Agarose, lyophilized powder