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The Journal of biological chemistry

Definitive identification of mammalian 5-hydroxymethyluracil DNA N-glycosylase activity as SMUG1.


PMID 11526119

Abstract

Purification from calf thymus of a DNA N-glycosylase activity (HMUDG) that released 5-hydroxymethyluracil (5hmUra) from the DNA of Bacillus subtilis phage SPO1 was undertaken. Analysis of the most purified fraction by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed a multiplicity of protein species making it impossible to identify HMUDG by inspection. Therefore, we renatured the enzyme after SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and assayed slices of the gel for DNA N-glycosylase activity directed against 5hmUra. Maximum enzymatic activity was identified between molecular mass markers 30 and 34 kDa. Protein was extracted from gel slices and subjected to tryptic digestion and analysis by mass spectrometry. Analysis revealed the presence of 11 peptides that were homologous or identical to the sequence of the recently characterized human single-stranded monofunctional uracil DNA N-glycosylase (hSMUG1). The cDNA of hSMUG1 was isolated and expressed as a recombinant glutathione S-transferase fusion protein that was shown to release 5hmUra with 20x the specific activity of the most purified bovine fraction. We conclude that hSMUG1 and HMUDG are the same protein.

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852589
5-(Hydroxymethyl)uracil, 97%
C5H6N2O3