Cytogenetics and cell genetics

Genomic structure and chromosome location of the human gene encoding the zinc finger autoantigen ZNF330.

PMID 11528117


We have recently described a novel zinc finger cDNA, ZNF330, which was immunologically characterized as a new human autoantigen, highly conserved during evolution from nematodes to humans. The protein was found at the nucleolus and the cytoplasm in interphase and transiently associates with centromeres in mitosis as determined by immunofluorescence analysis. We now describe that the association of ZNF330 with the nucleolus but not with the cytoplasm is RNA-dependent as shown by RNAse treatment of fixed culture cells, since ZNF330 localization was unaffected by DNAse treatment. We also report the cloning, structural organization and chromosome location of the human ZNF330 gene. The gene is comprised of 10 exons and spans approximately 16 kb of genomic DNA. The conserved residues forming nine CXXC motifs are contained in exons 3 to 9. Several major transcription initiation sites were located 126, 124 and 121 bp upstream of the translation initiation codon ATG, as determined by primer extension analysis. The human ZNF330 gene was mapped by FISH to chromosome 4q31.1-->q31.2, the site of the FRA4C locus previously described as a common fragile site for acquired chromosome instability in humans.