American journal of clinical pathology

Mucinous and nonmucinous bronchioloalveolar adenocarcinomas have distinct staining patterns with thyroid transcription factor and cytokeratin 20 antibodies.

PMID 11554157


We studied 14 mucinous and 26 nonmucinous bronchioloalveolar adenocarcinomas (BACs) with thyroid transcription factor (TTF), cytokeratin (CK) 7, CK20, and villin to characterize their staining patterns with these antibodies and identify staining differences between the neoplasms. We also stained 11 mucinous colon adenocarcinomas with the same antibodies to compare their reaction patterns with mucinous BACs. All pulmonary neoplasms were confirmed pulmonary primary BACs. Three (21%) of 14 mucinous neoplasms had weak TTF reactivity in fewer than 25% of neoplastic cell nuclei, and the other 11 (79%) were nonreactive. In contrast, 24 (92%) of 26 nonmucinonus BACs were strongly TTF reactive. Eleven mucinous BACs (79%) had CK20 reactivity in more than 25% of neoplastic cells, whereas only 1 nonmucinous BAC (4%) had reactivity in fewer than 50% of the cells. One mucinous BAC (7%) had villin reactivity in approximately 10% of the neoplastic cells. All mucinous colon adenocarcinomas were diffusely reactive with CK20 and villin. Mucinous and nonmucinous BACs have disparate staining patterns with TTF and CK20. Mucinous BACs are usually TTF nonreactive and CK20 reactive, but nonreactive with villin, which distinguishes them from mucinous colon adenocarcinomas.