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Journal of lipid research

A rapid screening procedure for cholesterol and dehydrocholesterol by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.


PMID 11590227

Abstract

The mono-(dimethylaminoethyl) succinyl (MDMAES) ester is a new derivative for rapid, mild, and sensitive electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) analysis of cholesterol and dehydrocholesterol. It is an order of magnitude more sensitive than the previous most practical alternative, the N-methylpyridyl ether derivative. The MDMAES derivative was used to develop a rapid screening procedure for the biochemical diagnosis of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) by measuring the dehydrocholesterol/cholesterol ratio in plasma (5 microl) and plasma spotted onto filter paper. Details of the synthesis of [25,26,26,26,27,27,27-(2)H7]-7-dehydrocholesterol, used as a standard for quantitation, are included. The measurement of total sterols as MDMAES esters, after base hydrolysis of plasma, afforded a dehydrocholesterol/cholesterol ratio of 0.05-2.95 for SLOS patient samples (n = 5) compared with 0.001-0.003 for normal adult controls (n = 20). Direct hexane extraction of plasma without base hydrolysis enabled the measurement of free sterols with a total sample analysis time of <1 h. The free dehydrocholesterol/cholesterol ratio was 0.10-4.47 for SLOS patient samples (n = 5) and 0.003-0.011 for normal adult controls (n = 20).

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