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Molecular and cellular biology

RasGAP-associated endoribonuclease G3Bp: selective RNA degradation and phosphorylation-dependent localization.


PMID 11604510

Abstract

Mitogen activation of mRNA decay pathways likely involves specific endoribonucleases, such as G3BP, a phosphorylation-dependent endoribonuclease that associates with RasGAP in dividing but not quiescent cells. G3BP exclusively cleaves between cytosine and adenine (CA) after a specific interaction with RNA through the carboxyl-terminal RRM-type RNA binding motif. Accordingly, G3BP is tightly associated with a subset of poly(A)(+) mRNAs containing its high-affinity binding sequence, such as the c-myc mRNA in mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Interestingly, c-myc mRNA decay is delayed in RasGAP-deficient fibroblasts, which contain a defective isoform of G3BP that is not phosphorylated at serine 149. A G3BP mutant in which this serine is changed to alanine remains exclusively cytoplasmic, whereas a glutamate for serine substitution that mimics the charge of a phosphorylated serine is translocated to the nucleus. Thus, a growth factor-induced change in mRNA decay may be modulated by the nuclear localization of a site-specific endoribonuclease such as G3BP.