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Life sciences

Hypoglycemic effect of S(-)-hydroxyhexamide, a major metabolite of acetohexamide, and its enantiomer R(+)-hydroxyhexamide.


PMID 11693275

Abstract

A short-lasting hypoglycemic effect was observed when S(-)-hydroxyhexamide (S-HH), a major metabolite of acetohexamide, and its enantiomer R(+)-hydroxyhexamide (R-HH), were administered orally to rats. Since the reductive metabolism of acetohexamide is known to be reversible in rats, oral administration of R-HH may exhibit the hypoglycemic effect through the generation of acetohexamide. However, oral administration of R-HH to rabbits, in spite of their inability to oxidize R-HH to acetohexamide, caused a significant decrease and increase, respectively, of plasma glucose and insulin levels. Furthermore, both S-HH and R-HH were found to stimulate the secretion of insulin from hamster HIT T15 cells (pancreatic beta-cells). These results provide further evidence that both R-HH and S-HH exhibit a significant hypoglycemic effect.

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A178
Acetohexamide, analytical standard
C15H20N2O4S