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Phytotherapy research : PTR

Isolation of an antimicrobial compound from Impatiens balsamina L. using bioassay-guided fractionation.


PMID 11746859

Abstract

By using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality test-guided fractionation, a single bioactive compound (LC(50)=26 ppm) was isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the dried aerial parts of Impatiens balsamina L. and subsequently identified as 2-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (MNQ). The structure of MNQ was confirmed by UV, FT-IR, MS, and 1-and 2-D NMR spectroscopy. The antimicrobial activity of MNQ was evaluated using 12 bacterial and eight fungal strains. Five gram-positive and two gram-negative bacteria as well as all eight fungi (including multi-drug resistant strains) tested were highly sensitive to MNQ. A tea prepared according to traditional methods was found to contain sufficient MNQ to account for its antimicrobial properties.

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189162
2-Methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone, 98%
C11H8O3