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In vitro

Effect of cortisol on the ultrastructure of normal, leukemic, and cultured human lymphocytes.


PMID 1176157

Abstract

The effect of cortisol on the ultrastructure of normal, leukemic, and cultured human lymphocytes during a 2-hr incubation was investigated. The presence of 10(-5) M cortisol in the incubation medium produced in normal lymphocytes a variety of alterations in cytoplasmic organelles. Mitochondria were most affected and showed evidence of irreversible deterioration (formation of myelin figures). Occasional cells demonstrated an overt rearrangement of their cytoplasmic membranes resulting in a bizarre array of parallel cisternae-like structures. More commonly, the usually underdeveloped Golgi of normal lymphocytes became very pronounced in structure. All of these alterations were produced within 2 hr of incubation, but only in normal human lymphocytes. Under identical conditions, no evidence of ultrastructural changes were produced by cortisol in either lymphocytes from chronic lymphocytic leukemic patients, or those from the RPMI 1788 cell line.

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RPMI 1788