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Journal of peptide science : an official publication of the European Peptide Society

Conformation of N-terminal HIV-1 Tat (fragment 1-9) peptide by NMR and MD simulations.


PMID 11763362

Abstract

The N-terminal portion of HIV-1 Tat covering residues 1-9 is a competitive inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV). We have used 1H NMR techniques, coupled with molecular dynamics methods, to determine the conformation of this peptide in the three diverse media: DMSO-d6, water (pH 2.7) and 40% HFA solution. The results indicate that in both DMSO-d6 and HFA the peptide has a tendency to acquire a type I beta-turn around the segment Asp5-Pro6-Asn7-IIe8. The N-terminal end is seen to be as a random coil. In water, the structure is best described as a left-handed polyproline type II (PPII) helix for the mid segment region Asp2 to Pro6. The structures obtained in this study have been compared with an earlier report on Tat (1-9).

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