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The Journal of biological chemistry

Molecular mechanisms involved in CD43-mediated apoptosis of TF-1 cells. Roles of transcription Daxx expression, and adhesion molecules.


PMID 11773067

Abstract

CD43 (leukosialin, sialophorin), an abundant leukocyte surface sialoglycoprotein, regulates leukocyte adhesion and transmits activating signals in T cells and dendritic cells. Immobilized anti-CD43 monoclonal antibody (mAb) MEM-59 has been previously shown to induce apoptosis of hematopoietic progenitors. In this study we show that it also triggers apoptosis of the myeloid progenitor-derived cell line TF-1. The kinetics of the MEM-59-induced apoptosis were unusually slow, with the first apoptotic cells appearing 36-48 h after their contact with the immobilized antibody; in 5 days, 90% of the cells were dead. CD43-mediated apoptosis was enhanced by coimmobilized anti-CD45 mAb and partly suppressed by coimmobilized anti-CD50 (ICAM-3) or anti-CD99 mAb. The MEM-59-triggered apoptosis of TF-1 cells was also inhibited by the overexpression of an apoptotic regulator, Daxx. CD43-mediated apoptosis was preceded by the repression of the DNA binding activity of the transcription factor AP-1. DNA array screening revealed that the expression of several genes encoding apoptosis-regulating proteins, including 14-3-3 proteins and the granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptor beta-subunit, was repressed in TF-1 cells bound to immobilized MEM-59. The down-regulation of 14-3-3 proteins and GM-CSF receptor beta was accompanied by translocation of the proapoptotic protein Bad to the mitochondria. These results suggest that engagement of CD43 may, presumably through the repressing transcription, initiate a Bad-dependent apoptotic pathway.