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The Journal of biological chemistry

The carboxyl-terminal domain of closely related endotoxin-binding proteins determines the target of protein-lipopolysaccharide complexes.


PMID 11773072

Abstract

The bactericidal/permeability increasing (BPI) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding (LBP) proteins are closely related two-domain proteins in which LPS binding is mediated by the NH(2)-terminal domain. To further define the role of the COOH-terminal domain of these proteins in delivery of LPS to specific host acceptors, we have compared interactions of LBP, BPI, LBP(N)-BPI(C) (NH(2)-terminal domain of LBP, COOH-terminal domain of BPI), and BPI(N)-LBP(C) with purified (3)H-LPS and, subsequently, with purified leukocytes and soluble (s)CD14. The COOH-terminal domain of LBP promotes delivery of LPS to CD14 on both polymorphonuclear leukocytes and monocytes resulting in cell activation. In the presence of Ca(2+) and Mg(2+), LBP and BPI each promote aggregation of LPS to protein-LPS aggregates of increased size (apparent M(r) > 20 x 10(6) Da), but only LPS associated with LBP and BPI(N)-LBP(C) is disaggregated in the presence of CD14. BPI and LBP(N)-BPI(C) promote apparently CD14-independent LPS association to monocytes without cell activation. These findings demonstrate that the carboxyl-terminal domain of these closely related endotoxin-binding proteins dictates the route and host responses to complexes they form with endotoxin.

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S500HR Sephacryl®, 500-HR, MW range 40-20,000 kDa (dextrans)