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Nucleic acids research

DNA microarrays with PAMAM dendritic linker systems.


PMID 11788736

Abstract

The DNA microarray-based analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is important for the correlation of genetic variations and individual phenotypes, and for locating disease-causing genes. To facilitate the development of surfaces suitable for immobilization of oligonucleotides, we report here a novel method for the surface immobilization of DNA using pre-fabricated polyamidoamine (PAMAM) starburst dendrimers as mediator moieties. Dendrimers containing 64 primary amino groups in their outer sphere are covalently attached to silylated glass supports and, subsequently, the dendritic macromolecules are modified with glutaric anhydride and activated with N-hydroxysuccinimide. As a result of the dendritic PAMAM linker system the surfaces reveal both a very high immobilization efficiency for amino-modified DNA-oligomers, and also a remarkable high stability during repeated regeneration and re-using cycles. The performance of dendrimer-based DNA microarrays in the discrimination of SNPs is demonstrated.

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G3806
Glutaric anhydride, 95%
C5H6O3