Plant physiology

AtFXG1, an Arabidopsis gene encoding alpha-L-fucosidase active against fucosylated xyloglucan oligosaccharides.

PMID 11788770


An alpha-L-fucosidase (EC able to release the t-fucosyl residue from the side chain of xyloglucan oligosaccharides has been detected in the leaves of Arabidopsis plants. Moreover, an alpha-L-fucosidase with similar substrate specificity was purified from cabbage (Brassica oleracea) leaves to render a single band on SDS-PAGE. Two peptide sequences were obtained from this protein band, and they were used to identify an Arabidopsis gene coding for an alpha-fucosidase that we propose to call AtFXG1. In addition, an Arabidopsis gene with homology with known alpha-L-fucosidases has been also found, and we proposed to name it as AtFUC1. Both AtFXG1 and ATFUC1 were heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris cells and the alpha-L-fucosidase activities secreted to the culture medium. The alpha-L-fucosidase encoded by AtFXG1 was active against the oligosaccharides from xyloglucan XXFG as well as against 2'-fucosyl-lactitol but not against p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-fucopyranoside. However, the AtFUC1 heterologously expressed was active only against 2'-fucosyl-lactitol. Thus, the former must be related to xyloglucan metabolism.

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