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Diabetes

Dynamic imaging of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ concentration in insulin-secreting MIN6 Cells using recombinant targeted cameleons: roles of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA)-2 and ryanodine receptors.


PMID 11815480

Abstract

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) and hence in insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in both the uptake and release of Ca(2+) from the ER are only partially defined in these cells, and the presence and regulation of ER ryanodine receptors are a matter of particular controversy. To monitor Ca(2+) fluxes across the ER membrane in single live MIN6 beta-cells, we have imaged changes in the ER intralumenal free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](ER)) using ER-targeted cameleons. Resting [Ca(2+)](ER) (approximately 250 micromol/l) was markedly reduced after suppression (by approximately 40%) of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA)-2b but not the SERCA3 isoform by microinjection of antisense oligonucleotides, implicating SERCA2b as the principle ER Ca(2+)-ATPase in this cell type. Nutrient secretagogues that elevated [Ca(2+)](cyt) also increased [Ca(2+)](ER), an effect most marked at the cell periphery, whereas inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-generating agents caused a marked and homogenous lowering of [Ca(2+)](ER). Demonstrating the likely presence of ryanodine receptors (RyRs), caffeine and 4-chloro-3-ethylphenol both caused an almost complete emptying of ER Ca(2+) and marked increases in [Ca(2+)](cyt). Furthermore, photolysis of caged cyclic ADP ribose increased [Ca(2+)](cyt), and this effect was largely abolished by emptying ER/Golgi stores with thapsigargin. Expression of RyR protein in living MIN6, INS-1, and primary mouse beta-cells was also confirmed by the specific binding of cell-permeate BODIPY TR-X ryanodine. RyR channels are likely to play an important part in the regulation of intracellular free Ca(2+) changes in the beta-cell and thus in the regulation of insulin secretion.

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4-Chloro-3-ethylphenol, 97%
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