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Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Simultaneous determination of quinapril and its active metabolite quinaprilat in human plasma using high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection.


PMID 11824807

Abstract

A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) procedure for the simultaneous determination of quinapril and its active metabolite quinaprilat in human plasma samples is described. A one-step solid-phase extraction (SPE) with C18 cartridges was coupled with a reversed-phase HPLC system. The system requires two mobile phases composed of tetrabutyl ammonium hydrogensulfate (10 mM adjusted to pH 7)-acetonitrile (62:38, v/v) for quinapril, and (25:75, v/v) for quinaprilat elution through a C18 Symmetry column and detection at a wavelength of 215 nm. Calibration curves were linear over the ranges 20 to 1,000 ng/ml for quinaprilat and 10 to 500 for quinapril. The limits of quantification were 20 and 10 ng/ml for quinaprilat and quinapril, respectively. Extraction recoveries were higher than 90% for quinapril and 80% for quinaprilat. This method has been successfully applied to a bioequivalence study of quinapril in healthy subjects.