Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of clarithromycin in human plasma.

PMID 11890168


A sensitive method for the determination of clarithromycin in plasma is described, using high-performance liquid chromatographic separation with tandem mass spectrometric detection. Samples were prepared using liquid-liquid extraction and separated on a Supelco Discovery C18 column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile, methanol and acetic acid. Detection was performed by a PE SCIEX API 2000 mass spectrometer in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode (LC-MS-MS) using TurbolonSpray ionization and monitoring the transition of the protonated molecular ion for clarithromycin at m/z 748.5 (M+1) to the predominant product ion of m/z 158.2. The mean recovery of clarithromycin was 87.3%, with a lower limit of quantification of 2.95 ng/ml when using 0.3-ml plasma. This high-throughput method was used to quantify 230 samples per day, and is sufficiently sensitive to be employed in pharmacokinetic studies.