Journal of lipid research

Very long chain n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids bind strongly to liver fatty acid-binding protein.

PMID 11907148


Synthesis of n-3 and n-6 very long chain-PUFAs (VLC-PUFAs) from 18-carbon essential fatty acids is differentially regulated. The predominant product arising from n-3 fatty acids is docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3), with the liver serving as the main site of production. The synthetic pathway requires movement of a 24-carbon intermediate from the endoplasmic reticulum to peroxisomes for retroconversion to 22:6n-3. The mechanism of this intra-organelle flux is unknown, but could be binding-protein facilitated. We thus investigated binding of a series of previously untested VLC-PUFAs to liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP). Three fluorometric assays were employed, all of which showed strong binding (K(d)' approximately 10(-8) to 10(-7) M) of 20-, 22-, and 24-carbon n-3 PUFAs to L-FABP. In contrast, synthesis of the predominant n-6 PUFA product, arachidonic acid, does not require intra-organelle transport. However, we found that n-6 VLC-PUFAs bound to L-FABP with affinities (K(d)' approximately 10(-8) to 10(-7) M) comparable to their n-3 counterparts. Although these results raise the possibility that L-FABP may participate in the cytoplasmic processing of n-3 and n-6 VLC-PUFAs, there is no evidence on the basis of binding affinities that L-FABP accounts for differences in the predominant products formed by the n-3 and n-6 PUFA metabolic pathways.