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Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A

Effect of three n-acetylamino acids on N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)succinimide (NDPS) and ndps metabolite nephrotoxicity in Fischer 344 rats.


PMID 11939711

Abstract

The agricultural fungicide N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)succinimide (NDPS) induces nephrotoxicity in mammals characterized as polyuric renal failure and proximal tubular necrosis. Recent studies have suggested that NDPS-induced nephrotoxicity may be mediated by metabolites arising from the nephrotoxic NDPS metabolites N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-2-hydroxysuccinimide (NDHS) and/or N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-2-succinamic acid (2-NDHSA). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a nucleophilic agent, and two nonnucleophilic N-acetylamino acids, N-acetylserine (NAS) and N-acetylalanine (NAA), on NDPS and NDPS metabolite-induced nephrotoxicity. Male Fischer 344 rats (4-8/group) were administered intraperitoneally (ip) an N-acetylamino acid (1 mmol/kg) 2 h before an ip injection of NDPS (0.4 mmol/kg), NDHS (0.1 mmol/kg), 2-NDHSA (0.1 mmol/kg), or vehicle. Renal function was then monitored at 24 and 48 h. NAC pretreatment markedly attenuated NDPS-, NDHS-, and 2-NDHSA-mediated nephrotoxicity. The nonnucleophilic N-acetylamino acids (NAS, NAA) only partly reduced NDPS and NDHS nephrotoxicity, and they had little effect on 2-NDHSA nephrotoxicity. These results suggest that reactive NDPS metabolites may be formed from NDHS and 2-NDHSA and that nucleophilic substrates (e.g., NAC) may offer protection from NDPS-induced nephrotoxicity. However, mechanisms other than chemical neutralization of reactive NDPS metabolites may also be contributing to the attenuation of NDPS nephrotoxicity, since nonnucleophilic N-acetylamino acids (e.g., NAA) also provided some protection against NDPS and NDHS nephrotoxicity.

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