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Applied and environmental microbiology

Biotransformation of 2,7-dichloro- and 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin by Sphingomonas wittichii RW1.


PMID 11976140

Abstract

Aerobic biotransformation of the diaryl ethers 2,7-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin by the dibenzo-p-dioxin-utilizing strain Sphingomonas wittichii RW1, producing corresponding metabolites, was demonstrated for the first time. Our strain transformed 2,7-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, yielding 4-chlorocatechol, and 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, producing 3,4,5,6-tetrachlorocatechol and 2-methoxy-3,4,5,6-tetrachlorophenol; all of these compounds were unequivocally identified by mass spectrometry both before and after N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)-trifluoroacetamide derivatization by comparison with authentic standards. Additional experiments showed that strain RW1 formed a second metabolite, 2-methoxy-3,4,5,6-tetrachlorophenol, from the original degradation product, 3,4,5,6-tetrachlorocatechol, by methylation of one of the two hydroxy substituents.

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