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Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry

Enantiomer separation of mandelates and their analogs on cyclodextrin derivative chiral stationary phases by capillary GC.


PMID 11990593

Abstract

Enantiomer separation of mandelates and their analogs, which are important intermediates in asymmetric synthetic and pharmaceutical chemistry, was investigated by capillary gas chromatography using different cyclodextrin derivative chiral stationary phases (CD CSPs). The used cyclodextrin derivatives included permethylated beta-CD (PMBCD), permethylated gamma-CD, heptakis(2,6-di-O-butyl-3-O-butyryl)-beta-CD, heptakis(2,6-di-O-pentyl-3-O-acetyl)-beta-CD and heptakis(2,6-di-O-nonyl-3-O-trifluoroacetyl)-beta-CD (DNTBCD), respectively. Among all the CSPs used, PMBCD and DNTBCD exhibited the broadest and best enantioselectivity for all the racemates investigated. Some thermodynamic parameters were evaluated and an enthalpy-entropy compensation effect was observed in enantiomer separation processes of mandelates and their analogs. Based on thermodynamic data and molecular mechanics calculations, the chiral recognition mechanism of mandelate derivatives on CD CSPs is discussed.

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