Molecular and cellular biology

Ligand-selective potentiation of rat mineralocorticoid receptor activation function 1 by a CBP-containing histone acetyltransferase complex.

PMID 11997506


The rat mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) has two activation functions in distinct regions of the A/B domain, designated activation function 1a (AF-1a; amino acids 1 to 169) and AF-1b (amino acids 451 to 600). Since the p160 family protein TIF2, a known component of the AF-2 coactivator complex, potentiates the transactivation function of AF-1b but not that of AF-1a, it is likely that some other, novel protein complex interacts with the AF-1a region. Therefore, we attempted to identify such coactivator complexes from HeLa nuclear extracts by biochemical purification using a glutathione S-transferase-MR AF-1a fusion protein. Purified AF-1a region-interacting proteins were found to contain RNA helicase A (RHA) and CBP. Further analysis showed that RHA interacted with the AF-1a region directly and then recruited a complex with histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity that contained CBP. For full-length MR, aldosterone, but not hydrocortisone, was found to induce the binding of RHA/CBP complexes to the AF-1a region, as well as to allow the cooperative potentiation of MR transcriptional activity by RHA and CBP. In addition, a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed that aldosterone-bound MR, but not hydrocortisone-bound MR, recruited RHA/CBP complexes to native MR target gene promoters. Our results suggested that an altered conformation of the A/B region induced by aldosterone, but not hydrocortisone, might determine the accessibility of MR AF-1a to RHA/CBP complexes.