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Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Biosynthesis of vitamin B6 in Rhizobium: in vitro synthesis of pyridoxine from 1-deoxy-D-xylulose and 4-hydroxy-L-threonine.


PMID 12036081

Abstract

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) in Rhizobium is synthesized from 1-deoxy-D-xylulose and 4-hydroxy-L-threonine. To define the pathway enzymatically, we established an enzyme reaction system with a crude enzyme solution of R. meliloti IFO14782. The enzyme reaction system required NAD+, NADP+, and ATP as coenzymes, and differed from the E. coli enzyme reaction system comprising PdxA and PdxJ proteins, which requires only NAD+ for formation of pyridoxine 5'-phosphate from 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate and 4-(phosphohydroxy)-L-threonine.

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14764
1-Deoxy-D-xylulose, ≥80% (TLC)
C5H10O4