Journal of peptide science : an official publication of the European Peptide Society

An efficient gel-phase synthesis of peptides on a high capacity flexible crosslinked polystyrene support: comparison with Merrifield resin.

PMID 12043993


A highly solvating copolymer was prepared in high yield by introducing a flexible crosslinker, 1,4-butanedioldimethacrylate, into the polystyrene matrix by a free radical aqueous suspension polymerization. A 2 mol% crosslinked resin showed rigidity and mechanical characteristics comparable to those of divinylbenzene-crosslinked polystyrene (Merrifield resin, DVB-PS) support. Swelling and solvation characteristics of the new resin, BDDMA-PS, were much higher than DVB-PS support in all solvents used for solid phase peptide synthesis. The diacrylate crosslinks in the resin network were found to be highly stable even after 48 h treatment with neat TFA, 6 N HCl and 6 N KOH at 110 degrees C. To demonstrate the usefulness of the new resin in high capacity peptide synthesis, a typical difficult peptide, acyl carrier protein (ACP) fragment (65-74), was synthesized on commercially available 1 mol% crosslinked DVB-PS and 2 mol% crosslinked BDDMA-PS resins under identical conditions. A protocol using NMP/DMSO mediated coupling was employed for chain assembly. The yield and purity of the product from BDDMA-PS resin was higher than when the DVB-PS resin was used. The mechanistic reason behind the synthetic efficiency of the new resin was found to be its ability to induce random coil conformation to the growing peptide chains.

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1,4-Butanediol dimethacrylate, 95%, contains 200-300 ppm MEHQ as inhibitor