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Veterinary and human toxicology

Hypoglycemic and hypotriglyceridemic effects of tolbutamide in triphenyltin chloride-induced diabetic rabbits.


PMID 12046964

Abstract

Triphenyltin (TPT) induces transient hyperglycemia and hypertriglyceridemia in rabbits and hamsters through inhibition of the insulin release stimulated by glucose. The disturbed site in TPT-diabetes is a result of signal transduction occurring before the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel. The ATP-sensitive K channel (KATP channel) is located immediately at the upstream signal of voltage dependent Ca2+ channels on the signaling pathway of insulin secretion. KATP channel produces depolarization by a signal of ATP through glucose metabolism and by stimulation from sulfonylurea drugs (tolbutamide, glibenclamide). To clarify if the insulin secretion that a KATP channel mediates is inhibited in vivo, we studied the effects of tolbutamide (a sulfonylurea) on changes in plasma glucose, triglyceride and insulin in TPT-diabetic rabbits prepared by po administration of 100 mg TPT-chloride/kg bw. In TPT-diabetic rabbits, plasma glucose decreased to a minimum at about 50% and plasma triglyceride levels also decreased. Insulin release was detected after injecting = 10 mg tolbutamide/kg, and insulin was secreted much higher than in normal rabbits. These findings suggest that the insulin released by tolbutamide stimulus decreased the plasma glucose and triglyceride levels in the TPT-diabetic rabbits. Moreover, a possible mechanism to be considered is as follows: tolbutamide combines with sulfonylurea receptor; membrane depolarization is induced by a KATP channel with the signal of a sulfonylurea receptor; insulin is released. The inhibition of insulin secretion by TPT may be caused by a glucose metabolic disorder in beta cells before the occurrence of membrane depolarization due to closed KATP channels interacting directly with a sulfonylurea receptor.

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