Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Thrombin-stimulated Pyk2 phosphorylation in human endothelium is dependent on intracellular calcium and independent of protein kinase C and Src kinases.

PMID 12074576


G-protein-coupled receptor agonists (GPCAs) cause functional responses in endothelial cells including secretion, proliferation, and altering monolayer permeability. These events are mediated in part by activation of the p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. The cytosolic tyrosine kinase Pyk2 is postulated to link GPCA-induced changes in intracellular calcium to activation of the MAP kinase cascade. We have investigated the regulation of Pyk2 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells in response to GPCAs and show that (1) thrombin, a PAR-1 peptide, and histamine cause rapid concentration- and time-dependent phosphorylation on tyrosines 402 (Src kinase binding site), 881 (Grb2 binding site), and 580 (an autophosphorylation site), (2) thrombin-stimulated phosphorylation is dependent on intracellular calcium and independent of PKC and PI-3 kinase, and (3) inhibition of Src kinases has no significant effect on thrombin-stimulated phosphorylation, implying that tyrosine phosphorylation of Pyk2 is independent of Src binding.