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Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache

5-Hydroxytryptamine(1B/1D) and 5-hydroxytryptamine1F receptors inhibit capsaicin-induced c-fos immunoreactivity within mouse trigeminal nucleus caudalis.


PMID 12110114

Abstract

In order to investigate the c-fos response within the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (Sp5C) after noxious meningeal stimulation, capsaicin (0.25, 0.5, 1 and 5 nmol) was administered intracisternally in urethane (1 g/kg) and alpha-chloralose (20 mg/kg) anaesthetized male mice. Capsaicin induced a robust and dose-dependent c-fos-like immunoreactivity (c-fos LI) within Sp5C. C-fos LI was observed within laminae I and II of the entire brain stem from the area postrema to C2 level, being maximum at the decussatio pyramidum level. The area postrema, solitary tract, medullary and lateral reticular nuclei were also labelled. The 5-hydroxytryptamine(1B/1D/1F) receptor agonist sumatriptan (0.01, 0.1, 1 and 10 mg/kg), administered intraperitoneally 15 min before capsaicin stimulation (1 nmol), decreased the c-fos response within Sp5C, but not within solitary tract. The novel specific 5-hydroxytryptamine1F agonist LY 344864 (0.1 and 1 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly decreased the c-fos LI within the Sp5C as well. These findings suggest that intracisternally administered capsaicin activates the trigeminovascular system and that the pain neurotransmission can be modulated by 5-hydroxytryptamine(1B/1D/1F) receptors in mice. Thus, the availability of this model in mice, taken together with the possibility of altering the expression of specific genes in this species, may help to investigate further the importance of distinct proteins in the neurotransmission of cephalic pain.

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