Circulation research

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase functionally compartmentalizes the concurrent G(s) signaling during beta2-adrenergic stimulation.

PMID 12114321


Compartmentation of intracellular signaling pathways serves as an important mechanism conferring the specificity of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling. In the heart, stimulation of beta2-adrenoceptor (beta2-AR), a prototypical GPCR, activates a tightly localized protein kinase A (PKA) signaling, which regulates substrates at cell surface membranes, bypassing cytosolic target proteins (eg, phospholamban). Although a concurrent activation of beta2-AR-coupled G(i) proteins has been implicated in the functional compartmentation of PKA signaling, the exact mechanism underlying the restriction of the beta2-AR-PKA pathway remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) plays an essential role in confining the beta2-AR-PKA signaling. Inhibition of PI3K with LY294002 or wortmannin enables beta2-AR-PKA signaling to reach intracellular substrates, as manifested by a robust increase in phosphorylation of phospholamban, and markedly enhances the receptor-mediated positive contractile and relaxant responses in cardiac myocytes. These potentiating effects of PI3K inhibitors are not accompanied by an increase in beta2-AR-induced cAMP formation. Blocking G(i) or Gbetagamma signaling with pertussis toxin or betaARK-ct, a peptide inhibitor of Gbetagamma, completely prevents the potentiating effects induced by PI3K inhibition, indicating that the pathway responsible for the functional compartmentation of beta2-AR-PKA signaling sequentially involves G(i), Gbetagamma, and PI3K. Thus, PI3K constitutes a key downstream event of beta2-AR-G(i) signaling, which confines and negates the concurrent beta2-AR/G(s)-mediated PKA signaling.

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Zinterol hydrochloride, ≥98% (HPLC)