Life sciences

Picrosides I and II, selective enhancers of the mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent signaling pathway in the action of neuritogenic substances on PC12D cells.

PMID 12151059


Picrosides I and II caused a concentration-dependent (> 0.1 microM) enhancement of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF, 2 ng/ml)-, staurosporine (10 nM)- and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP, 0.3 mM)-induced neurite outgrowth from PC12D cells. PD98059 (20 microM), a potent mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase inhibitor, blocked the enhancement of bFGF (2 ng/ml)-, staurosporine (10 nM)- or dbcAMP (0.3 mM)-induced neurite outgrowth by picrosides, suggesting that picrosides activate MAP kinase-dependent signaling pathway. However, PD98059 did not affect the bFGF (2 ng/ml)-, staurosporine (10 nM)- and dbcAMP (0.3 mM)-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12D cells, indicating the existence of two components in neurite outgrowth induced by bFGF, staurosporine and dbcAMP, namely the MAP kinase-independent and the masked MAP kinase-dependent one. Furthermore, picrosides-induced enhancements of the bFGF-action were markedly inhibited by GF109203X (0.1 microM), a protein kinase C inhibitor. The expression of phosphorylated MAP kinase was markedly increased by bFGF (2 ng/ml) and dbcAMP (0.3 mM), whereas that was not enhanced by staurosporine (10 nM). Picrosides had no effect on the phosphorylation of MAP kinase induced by bFGF or dbcAMP and also unaffected it in the presence of staurosporine. These results suggest that picrosides I and II enhance bFGF-, staurosporine- or dbcAMP-induced neurite outgrowth from PC12D cells, probably by amplifying a down-stream step of MAP kinase in the intracellular MAP kinase-dependent signaling pathway. Picrosides I and II may become selective pharmacological tools for studying the MAP kinase-dependent signaling pathway in outgrowth of neurites induced by many kinds of neuritogenic substances including bFGF.

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Picroside I, ≥98% (HPLC)