Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy

Nature of non-radiative processes involved in the excited state of 9-cyanoanthracene in presence of 2-methylindole/2-methylindoline quenchers. A laser flash photolysis study to reveal the medium effects.

PMID 12166735


By using steady state and time-resolved (laser flash photolysis and single photon counting) spectroscopic techniques the quenching of the lowest excited singlet (S1) state of 9-cyanoanthracene (9CNA) by the donors (quenchers) 2-methylindole (2MI) and 2-methylindoline (2MIN) in solvents of different polarity has been studied. Both the transient absorption, by laser flash photolysis technique, and photobleaching measurements were made at the ambient temperature both in non-polar n-heptane (NH) and highly polar acetonitrile (ACN) solvents. The photobleaching efficiency (alpha) was found to depend significantly on the polarity of surrounding solvents and also on the molecular structures of the quenchers. In NH the values of alpha are found to be larger than the corresponding values observed in ACN for both 2MI and 2MIN which possess highly reactive H atom bound to the heterocyclic N atom. Following the results obtained from the transient absorption spectra of the present donor-acceptor molecules in the different polarity solvents, a scheme describing the overall reaction mechanisms of the different photoreactions involved has been proposed. The probable causes for the changes observed in the mechanisms of the photoreactions involved in the cases of 2MI and 2MIN donors have been discussed in the light of their canonical structures.

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2-Methylindole, 98%