Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis

Characterization of the human prostaglandin H synthase 1 gene (PTGS1): exclusion by genetic linkage analysis as a second modifier gene in familial thrombosis.

PMID 12192304


Genetic evidence from a large Vermont kindred indicates that an unknown gene promotes thrombosis when inherited in conjunction with type I protein C deficiency. Cyclooxygenase-1 [prostaglandin H synthase 1 gene (PTGS1)] was tested as a plausible candidate for the unknown gene because of its role in primary hemostasis. The complete sequence of PTGS1 (25 638 nucleotides) was determined from a 37 kb human genomic cosmid clone to characterize intronic regions and subsequently to allow the search for mutations by direct sequencing of genomic DNA. Northern blot analysis confirms usage of a newly described distal poly-adenylation signal. Short tandem repeat (STR) sequences found in intron 2 and the 3' flanking region were developed as new genetic markers for PTGS1. The position of PTGS1 was refined on the CHLC chromosome 9 linkage map using the new markers scored in four Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain families and multipoint linkage analysis. Direct sequencing of DNA from members of the Vermont kindred led to the discovery of two new single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that give rise to non-conservative amino acid changes in the signal peptide (Arg(8) to Trp and Pro(17) to Leu) of cyclooxygenase-1. Linkage analysis of the SNP and STR markers indicated that PTGS1 is not the interacting gene associated with an increased incidence of thrombosis in the Vermont kindred.