The Journal of biological chemistry

Rocaglamide derivatives are potent inhibitors of NF-kappa B activation in T-cells.

PMID 12237314


Crude extracts from different Aglaia species are used as anti-inflammatory remedies in the traditional medicine of several countries from Southeast Asia. Because NF-kappaB transcription factors represent key regulators of genes involved in immune and inflammatory responses, we supposed that the anti-inflammatory effects of Aglaia extracts are mediated by the inhibition of NF-kappaB activity. Purified compounds of Aglaia species, namely 1H-cyclopenta[b]benzofuran lignans of the rocaglamide type as well as one aglain congener were tested for their ability to inhibit NF-kappaB activity. We show that a group of rocaglamides represent highly potent and specific inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene activity in Jurkat T cells with IC(50) values in the nanomolar range. Some derivatives are less effective, and others are completely inactive. Rocaglamides are able to suppress the PMA-induced expression of NF-kappaB target genes and sensitize leukemic T cells to apoptosis induced by TNFalpha, cisplatin, and gamma-irradiation. The suppression of NF-kappaB activation correlated with the inhibition of induced IkappaB(alpha) degradation and IkappaB(alpha) kinase activation. The level of interference was determined and found to be localized upstream of the IkappaB kinase complex but downstream of the TNF receptor-associated protein 2. Our data suggest that rocaglamide derivatives could serve as lead structures in the development of anti-inflammatory and tumoricidal drugs.

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SML0656 Rocaglamide, ≥96% (HPLC)