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Journal of medicinal chemistry

Coupling of a competitive and an irreversible ligand generates mixed type inhibitors of Trypanosoma cruzi trypanothione reductase.


PMID 12238931

Abstract

9-Aminoacridines and (terpyridine)platinum(II) complexes are competitive and irreversible inhibitors, respectively, of trypanothione reductase from Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease. Four chimeric compounds in which 2-methoxy-6-chloro-9-aminoacridine was covalently linked to the (2-hydroxyethanethiolate)(2,2':6',2' '-terpyridine)platinum(II) complex were synthesized and studied as inhibitors of the parasite enzyme. The derivatives differed by the nature and/or the length of the spacer connecting the two aromatic systems. All four compounds were effective mixed type inhibitors of trypanothione reductase with K(i) and K(i)' values of 0.3-4 and 2-11 microM, respectively. The most potent inhibitor had an ethylthioether linkage between the two aromatic ring systems, and the other compounds contained an alkyl ether group with 4-6 methylene groups. In contrast to the parasite enzyme, human glutathione reductase, the closest related host enzyme was not inhibited by these compounds. The finding that the conjugation of a competitive and an irreversible inhibitor can give rise to reversible mixed type inhibitors underlines the difficulties associated with inhibitor design based on the three-dimensional structure of trypanothione reductase.