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Biochemistry

Hydrodynamic properties and quaternary structure of the 90 kDa heat-shock protein: effects of divalent cations.


PMID 12269819

Abstract

The 90 kDa heat-shock protein (Hsp90) is one of the major stress proteins whose overall structure remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the influence of divalent cations Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) on the hydrodynamic properties and quaternary structure of Hsp90. Using analytical ultracentrifugation, size-exclusion chromatography, and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, we showed that native Hsp90 was mostly dimeric. The Hsp90 dimer had a sedimentation coefficient, s(w,20) degrees, of 6.10 +/- 0.03 S, which slightly deviated from the hydrodynamics of a globular protein. Using chemical cross-linking and analytical ultracentrifugation, we showed that Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) induced a tertiary conformational change of Hsp90, leading to a self-association process. In the presence of divalent cations, Hsp90 existed as a mixture of monomers, dimers, and tetramers at equilibrium. Finally, to identify Hsp90 domains involved in this divalent cation-dependent self-association, we studied the oligomerization state of the N-terminal (positions 1-221) of Hsp90, the influence of an N-terminal specific ligand, geldanamycin (GA), and the effect of C-terminal truncation on the ability of Hsp90 to oligomerize in the presence of divalent cations. We previously showed that GA inhibits Hsp90 heat-induced oligomerization [Garnier, C., Protasevich, I., Gilli, R., Tsvetkov, P., Lobachov, V., Peyrot, V., Briand, C., and Makarov, A. (1998) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 249, 197-201], but now we observed that GA does not influence divalent cation-dependent oligomerization of Hsp90, suggesting another mechanism. This mechanism involved the C-terminal part of the protein since C-terminally truncated Hsp90 did not oligomerize in the presence of divalent cations.

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